Only toward the end of the last century, global econom

 integration-trade, investment and finance-began benefiting large emerging and developing econ

omies. To be sustainable, globalization cannot serve just a few wealthy advanced economies. It m

ust also serve poorer and faster-growing economies, which today account for most of the global growth.

So, by flirting with trade protectionism and punitive tariffs on imports, adva

nced economies are seeking to implement the wrong policies at the wrong time. As the adv

anced countries have fallen into secular stagnation, they desperately need growth. Therefore, the rise of poorer eco

nomies is not a win-lose game, because it benefits the advanced economies, too.

In the aftermath of the 2008 global financial crisis, all major advanced econom

ies would have faced another Great Depression without the support of large emerging economies, particularly Ch

ina. And the contribution of these countries to global GDP growth is expected to climb to 80 percent by 2050.

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