Meanwhile, Japan continued signing agreements with other

one with the UK in 2017 and another with India the following year. By exploiting the power of these regional countries, Japan aims to secure military provisions for its SDF in t

he Indo-Pacific region from the US, Canada, Australia and India and in the North Atlantic region from the US, the UK, France and Canada.

This has laid the foundation for Japan to broaden its SDF activities and ensure military provision with its par

tners. It is a small-scale bilateral military alliance system centered on Japan. This shows Japan’s long-term strategic plan.

Since the 21st century, Japan has clearly labeled China as its biggest real and potential rival. Especially since Shinzo Abe took office, he spared no efforts at contai

ning China. During Abe’s first term, the Japanese government raised the idea of the “arc of freedom and prosperity.” When

he became prime minister for a second time, the policies advocated by his cabinet, including the values-based alliance, the alliance of

maritime democracies, the democratic security diamond and the freedom corridor, have all kept China in focus.

Because of the ACSAs with Australia and India, Japan can militarily constrain China’s Belt and Road Initiative in the Pacific and Indian Ocean regions. In the A

tlantic, it can also exert forceful intervention in China’s policy in Europe, North Africa and West Africa.

In some areas where China’s military strength has not reached, Japan has crafted its military pla

n in advance by utilizing its bilateral alliance system, trap-falling China’s military strategy into a passive position.

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The 67-year-old princess, the eldest daughter of the late King

Bhumibol Adulyadej and sister of the present King, married an American and relinquished her title in 1972. After returning to Th

ailand in 2001 following her divorce, she resumed royal duties and enjoyed prestige among the Thai people, although her royal title has not yet been restored.

Around 20 military coups have taken place in Thailand since the country became a constitutional mo

narchy in 1932. The Constitution was also amended in 2017 during the military government’s rule.

In this context, the Thai Raksa Chart party (Thai Save The Nation, or TSN) tried to break the v

icious circle in Thailand’s politics by nominating Ubolratana as the prime ministerial candid

ate. The probability of her winning the election would have been high if she were allowed to contest. Her victory would have brought back political sta

bility to some extent. TSN is linked to former Thai leader Thaksin Shinawatra, who enjoys popular appeal in the country. Thaksin carried out several pol

icies that benefited the grass roots and won him their support. Even though he was ousted in 2006, his influence remains strong.

In the upcoming election, I believe pro-Thaksin parties can still have high public app

roval ratings. But considering the latest military-drafted constitution which gives considerable

rights to bureaucrats and military, it is still not known whether a pro-Thaksin politician can be elected prime minister.

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Washington alleged that INF failed because Moscow did not

ply with INF and Beijing was not bound by the treaty. These were its main excuses for the withdrawal.

Germany believes that the more countries involved in INF, the better. However, ma

ny European countries can never understand the security risks and the urgency to strengthen national defense in other regions.

The INF Treaty was signed by the US and the Soviet Union. It was a compromise bet

ween the two superpowers with the same level of military power to ease their confrontations.

Although China is now much stronger than it was in the past, its nuclear power and compreh

ensive military strength are far from being equal to those of the US and conducting negotiations on an equal footing.

The Europeans are clear that the US withdrawal from the INF Treaty is part of its America First agenda and an abandonment of its international obligations.

At the Munich security conference, Merkel and European countries criticized recent US security policies. But on the issue of the

INF treaty, Merkel snubbed China to serve US interests, reflecting the selfishness of Germans and some Europeans.

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he story has caused an uproar in Sweden. Gui made it clear that

she would not keep quiet in exchange for various conditions and the Western media is backing her stand. The Swedish Mi

nistry of Foreign Affairs said it already launched an internal investigation into Lindstedt, who had been appointed for an

other position in the Swedish government in March. Lindstedt has now been recalled to her country.

Is Angela Gui telling the truth? The Chinese Embassy in Sweden has responded that China has never and will never authorize

anyone to be in contact with her. China handled Gui’s case in accordance with the law and legal p

rocedures. People need to be aware of Angela’s unique position as Gui Minhai’s daughter; and, considering her lack of ex

perience in distinguishing complex issues, it is necessary for people to be cautious about her story.

However, the role of Ambassador Lindstedt is also part of this. If she did arrange a meeting between Angela Gui a

nd the Chinese businessmen not authorized by Beijing, then we can make the following analysis.

First, there are domestic groups in Sweden that hope the relationship between Sweden and China will not be a

ffected by Gui’s incident in the long term. They are willing to facilitate public discussions between Stockholm and B

eijing on this matter. Ambassador Lindstedt herself is a representative of such groups.

www.nunuzipper.com

Japan aims to expand political clout by creating global milit

In April and July, Japan signed the Acquisition and Cross-Servicing Agreement (ACSA), a military logistics pac

t, with Canada and France respectively. The Japanese government will try to get it approved by the National D

iet this year. Canada and France are also advancing domestic procedures for its approval.

The agreement will enable the provision of food, fuel and military supplie

s between Japan’s Self-Defense Forces (SDF) and French and Canadian armies. Jap

an has also inked ACSAs with the US, the UK, Australia and India. Why did Japan sign such an agreement?

After WWII, especially in the late 1960s when Japan became an economic powerhouse, it was no longer satisfied with its status as a military microstate.

In the mid-1980s, Japan accelerated the pace to push its SDF onto the w

orld stage with the aim of becoming a major political power.

In 1996, Japan signed the ACSA with the US, followed by one with Austr

alia in 2010. After the new security law took effect on March 29, 2016, Japan amended t

he two ACSAs, which enabled more flexible provision of ammunition in wartime between the signatories.

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tal transformation”, there is already a victory sign coming fro

The country generated about 7.6ZB data last year, around 0.7ZB more than the US, the report said.

In addition, it said data created and replicated in China is expected to outpace the global average by 3 percent annually.

Chinese tech companies, such as Alibaba Group and Tencent Holdings Ltd, h

ave set an example in using data to improve customer service in the financial sector.

The report said Chinese digital payment platforms Alipay and WeChat Pay are able to provide personalize

d financial services tailored to customers’ specific behaviors and preferences with the help of massive user data.

The report also mentioned the use of personal information has raised concerns as data may be utilized to build beh

aving or responding models of users that can be taken advantage of by advertisers or for other purposes.

www.fywmgz.cn

The central bank will eliminate that interest rate margin

sooner or later, and guide commercial banks to lower lending rates closer to a market-determined level, Sun said.

“Theoretically, there is room for rate cuts of 1 percentage point,” said Zhang Tao, a

n analyst in the financial market department of China Construction Bank.

China has enacted both monetary and fiscal policies to offset downward pressure on eco

nomic growth this year. Some economists have predicted the growth rate may slip in the first quarter be

low the 6.4 percent of the past three months of 2018 because of factors such as trade tensions.

US Federal Reserve Chairman Jay Powell decided on Jan 30 to shelve a plan to keep raisi

ng interest rates because of possible risks to US growth. The European Central Bank stopped exp

anding quantitative easing and warned about the negative results of Brexit.

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Festival brings to fore importance of demographic data

Spring Festival, celebrating the start of the Chinese Lun

ar New Year, is unique beyond being the most important festival in the world’s most populous country.

Not only is it the longest holiday that most workers in China are entitled to, it also pr

oduces the largest annual human population movement in the world, th

anks to the age-old tradition of family reunions that are at the center of the occasion.

This year, the Year of the Pig, which is strongly believed to be associated with good fortune, has seen hundreds of millions

of workers based in cities and big towns returning to their smaller towns and villages of origin to reunite a

nd feast with their families-including their parents, and, for many, also their spouses and children. The official fo

recast is that this year, nearly 3 billion trips will be generated during the 40-day travel rush from Jan 21 to March 1.

While it might not be so obvious, this huge social phenomenon both shapes and is shaped by the sheer size and dis

tribution of China’s population linked to births, deaths and migration, and the way these three sets of vital events interact.

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Naturalization becomes increasingly popularup quarterfinal

China lost 3-0 to Iran in late January in the Asian Cup quarterfinal, conceding all three goals due to defensive errors. “When you face a strong team like Iran, you

have to avoid making the mistakes. I did not expect we lost the game in this way,” China coach Marcello Lippi said.

With the Olympic qualifying tournament and the 2022 World Cup quali

fying campaign around the corner, China faces an uphill battle with a limited squad.

Hou Sæter’s versatility has been praised by Guo’an head coach, Rog

er Schmidt, who has said the midfielder can play a number of positions across the pitch.

Naturalization has become increasingly popular in international football in recent

years, and has been used by Japan, the Philippines, and AFC Asian Cup holders Qatar.

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ummarizes key insights from the world’s best business, leadership and productivity books.

15xe9.cn

Jonathan Choi Koon-shum, chairman of the Chinese Gener

Chamber of Commerce in Hong Kong, said he believes the blueprint will demonstrate ho

w to achieve mutual development without vicious competition among the participating cities.

He also noted that Hong Kong enjoys an advantage in attracting international talent and providing world-class pro

fessional services. That’s what Hong Kong can contribute to the development of the Greater Bay Area, Choi remarked.

Choi’s chamber is one of the leading business chambers in H

ong Kong, with nearly 6,000 members from business and trade circles.

Zhang Mingjie, a professor at the Division of Life Science at the Hong Kong U

niversity of Science and Technology, expressed high expectations for the out

line, saying it would open the door to brighter prospects for Hong Kong’s scientific and technological development.

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